Blepharoplasty – Upper/Lower

Procedure Cosmetic concerns about the upper eyelid include excess skin, hooding and fat protrusion. Undesirable features on the lower lids include excess skin, eye bags, dark circles, tear trough depressions and festoons. Hooded eyelids can obstruct the vision. Sometimes, it can be beneficial to lift the eyebrows instead or in addition to the upper eyelids. A blepharoplasty (=eyelid surgery, lid lift, eyelid lift) can remove redundant skin, muscle or fat. In the lower lid, it can furthermore improve eyebags and tighten the lower lid (=canthopexy or canthoplasty). Occasionally, scars for the lower eyelid can be hidden inside the eyelid. Additional laser or other modalities can then be used to smoothen the skin. Upper eyelid surgery can be done under a local anaesthetic. Lower eyelid surgery alone or combined with upper eyelid surgery requires a general anaesthetic or sedation with a local anaesthetic.
The wounds are sewn with sutures under the skin which don’t require removal and dissolve within four months.
Scars Upper eyelid crease
Below lower lashes (=subciliary transcutaneous) with short sidewards extensions or inside lower eyelid (=transconjunctival)
Operation time 1 – 2.5 hours
Anaesthesia General or Sedation with Local for lower eyelids +/- upper lids. Local for upper eyelids only
Hospital Stay Day Surgery
Benefits Cosmetic, Psychological, Functional
Risks Bleeding, Infection, Scar problems (stretched, thick, abnormal pigmentation, red, retracted etc.), Skin discoloration, Skin cones, Wound separation, Slough, Necrosis, Pain, Irritation, Nerve injury (Numbness, weakness), Bruising, Swelling, Hollowness, Cysts, Overcorrection, Undercorrection, Asymmetry, Recurrent redundancy, Cosmetic imperfections, Eye injury / irritation / dryness, Cornea abrasion, Double / blurred vision, Sympathetic ophthalmia, Blindness, Contour irregularities, Need for further surgery (+/- skin grafts), Ectropion, Lagophthalmos (Inability to close eyes), Brow ptosis (=droopiness), Scleral show, Allergic reaction, (General anaesthetic: Chest infection, Heart attack, Stroke, Blood clots in legs & lungs)
N.B. Most complications are unlikely and serious risks are rare
Risk factors Smoking / contraception / flights within 6 weeks of surgery, overweight, high blood pressure, bleeding tendency, diabetes, pre-existing eye problems
Optimising factors Diet rich in Vitamin C and protein, plenty of fluids, fresh air, scar massage, sun protection
Discomfort 1 week
Bruising 2 – 3 weeks
Recovery Driving and light activities 1 week, Physical work & sports 4 weeks
Acceptable appearance 2 - 4 weeks for most patients (This is subjective)
Final result 6 -18 months
Alternatives No Surgery, Make-up, Fillers, Fat transfer, Laser, Botulinum toxin, Brow lift

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